Case Study

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[Note: Answers of the following case studies are not provided here…Model answer is provided only for those case studies provided as a part of assignments]


Case Study #45

Imagine that you are the Principal of a school. As per the government direction, certain type of exercises for the students were made compulsory. The physical education teachers are required to regularly ensure that these exercises are being done. So as per the government directions, you issued the necessary instructions to the physical education teachers.

However, one of the PET, out of the five, expresses his reservation in complying towards the instructions, citing certain religious beliefs. Apparently, the exercises include certain gestures and expressions that the concerned teacher feels are irreligious. That is why he thinks that such exercises should not be followed. In this case,

  • Is the Physical education teacher correct in refusing to comply the Principal’s instructions?
  • What should the Principal do in such a situation?
  • If the Principal insists for the compliance towards the government order, what should the physical education teacher do?
  • Do you think personal values and professional values be kept strictly separate while taking up official responsibilities?

Case Study #44


Imagine that you are the Principal of a school. As per the government direction, Certain type of exercises for the students were made compulsory. The physical education Teachers are required to regularly ensure that these exercises are being done. So as per the  Government directions, you issued the necessary instructions to the physical education teachers.

However, one of the PET, out of the five, expresses his reservation in complying towards the instructions, citing certain religious beliefs. Apparently, the exercises include certain gestures and expressions that the concerned teacher feels are irreligious. That is why he thinks that such exercises should not be followed. In this case,

(a) Is the Physical education teacher correct in refusing to comply the Principal’s instructions?

(b) What should the Principal do in such a situation?

(c) If the Principal insists for the compliance towards the government order, what should the physical education teacher do?

(d) Do you think personal values and professional values be kept strictly separate while taking up official responsibilities?

Case Study #43 

Aman, who is a well known philanthrophist, is in critical stage, and needs organ transplant. He is an immensely good human being, known for all good deeds, and has also contributed well to the society. Saurabh, who is a well known criminal, also is in a critical condition and there is a very less possibility of his survival. You are a doctor in this situation and have to figure out your action:
(a) Will allow Saurabh to die and use his organ for Aman’s transplant?
(b) If Saurabh isnt critical, then what would be your course of action?

Case Study #42 

Suppose you are a clerk who works in an office that has responsibility for processing same sex marriage licenses. You feel strongly from a religious perspective that same sex marriages are immoral. (20)
(a) Do you have an obligation as a civil servant to issue the licenses? Or, does this violate your conscience to the point that you refuse to do it?
(b) Do civil servants have the right based on religion to pass judgement on the “correctness” of the law?
(c) Should the clerks who refuse to issue licenses to same sex couples lose their jobs?
(d) If you were the head of country clerk’s office and employees tell you that they don’t want to follow the law, what would you do?

Case Study #41 

Anubhav is fond of SUVs and he bought the one(finding it to be terrific and fascinating), which has been recently lauched in the market. He is among the first buyers of this new SUV. He is still unsure why his friends, neighbour resent his passion for driving this SUV.
He says, “If I dont have the freedom to decide whats good for me, then maybe we have the wrong country right now.”
Another friend (Ravi) says, “Of course he has the right to buy and drive his SUV. the trouble is that the price of fuel here or the tax that he is paying to get the vehicle on road doesnt reflect the true cost of the damage his choice causes…If SUV owners paid their proportionate share of these (environmental, health, and air quality) costs, instead of leaving them for our children to pay, I’d be happier with their freedom to choose”.

Now, what conception of justice is being assumed by Anubhav and Ravi in their respective remarks? Are they same or different? Discuss.

Case Study #40 

You are a fresh graduate and you get a job offer from a promising firm – something on the lines of dream job. Suddenly, there is a financial crisis and because of this new situation, the job offer was withdrawn. You end up taking a job that is comparatively low – paid. You consented to join after 15 days. And a week earlier from your joining date, you get a job offer from the previous firm and they offer you the same position.
Now, what will you do? Will you accept the offer of the first one and leave the second job offer where you were about to join after 15 days?

Case Study #39

You are a director for a public utility unit that produces electricity through steam driven turbine. The department has constructed a lake for this purpose which is open to the people for recreational use. Recently a man was injured in a boating accident that seriously injured his legs. He developed gangrene and after a multiple operation eventually died. A technician found out that a bacterium in the lake that possibly caused gangrene and is the cause of the death.

(a)   Has the department committed an unethical act by not monitoring the quality of the water more carefully?

(b)   Does it have a moral obligation to inform the public health authorities, the victims family and the general public?

(c)   What is your responsibility to your organisation in the face of public outcry?

Case Study #38

Amit Keshri a computer specialist from Buxar testified in court that the man he stabbed at and then ate had given prior consent. Amit said that he met his victim Jitendra in a social occasion where Jitendra consented to being eaten. After agreeing to the plan both of them met at an isolated place, first they dined together on a piece of Jitendra’s flesh that they have sawed off and roasted. After this communal meal they continued with the drama- Amit stabbed Jitendra to death and after that he ate that continued for days by taking out small pieces from the freezer. Before his arrest Amit was busy searching for more consenting victims. According to his words hundred more consenting people are there. Cannibalism is not illegal in the state where Amit is living but killing on request is and carries punishment. Amit was convicted and sentenced to imprisonment.

(a)   Considering that Jitendra consented. Is there anything wrong with what Amit did?

(b)   Can anyone meaningfully consent to being killed? Is it murder if the victim has consented?


Case Study #37

Suppose you are the administrator of a wealthy, upscale, municipality with a strong record of good governance. You have been there for fourteen years and have garnered the respect and admiration of the superiors and the people along with local media. You view yourself as an individual with high ethical standard and take pride for getting work done efficiently. You have a model code of conduct and ethics that you have for your organisation and you trust your management team. Recently all hell breaks loose! The local newspaper publishes story about a project manager of your department excepting bribe and other hospitalities illegally. As the scandal unfolds other wrong doings come to light. As the administrator you are shocked to learn of these practices. You feel as if your have failed personally and being abandoned by entire management team.

(a)   Should you start cleaning by firing number of managers?

(b)   Should you write a memo to your top manager admonishing them to fix the problem or resign?

(c)   Should you accept responsibility and resign?

(d)   If you have to continue, how would you lead with integrity under these circumstances?


Case Study #36

In today’s world of rapidly changing technology, customer taste and preferences are also characterised by fast changes. To meet this changing environment firms have to be constantly innovative and understand the latest customer needs and wants. Customer satisfaction is a function of the products’ perceived performance and his expectations. Recognizing the high satisfaction leads to high customer base who are aiming for “TCS – Total Customer Satisfaction”. Losing customer can dramatically impact a  firm’s profit. Therefore, the organization main task is customers’ retention.

(a)   Analyse the importance of understanding ‘attitude’ of the customers for the success of any organization.

(b)   What changes do you suggest in ‘organizational attitudes’ to always remain  competitive  in the market?


Case Study #35

You are visiting a zoo with your daughter on a holiday. A seriously unfortunate thing happened in which your daughter apparently came to a situation of being attacked by a wild animal. At the same time there is another kid of the same age facing the same threat but is in a better position to be saved. In this situation whom do you try to save?


Case Study #34

‘Save Olive Ridley’ is a small non-profit conservation group at Paradeep working to preserve the threatened costal wild-lands of Odisha. One of its main projects is to fight for the survival of sea turtles, which are rapidly sliding towards extinction. To this end, ‘Save Olive Ridley’ is campaigning to stop all eating of sea turtles even where sea turtles has long been part of the traditional diet in rural fishing villages.

(a)   If extinction is natural phenomenon, why should groups like ‘Save Olive Ridley’ care about extinction of sea turtles?

(b)   Is it right that many billions of non-human animals live short and wretched lives in order to satisfy the human craving for meat?

(c)   Should people for whom turtle is a traditional source of food be criticized for eating turtle?

(d)   Is there any moral difference between a family from a small turtle eating villages as a part of traditional meal and a couple from New Delhi eating turtle in a high end restaurant?


Case Study #33

In your office there are some people with whom you have to work, deliberately create the perception of busyness to avoid taking responsibility or getting landed with problematic or unpleasant tasks. What is your plan to handle them?


Case Study #32 

Mr. Sreekant is in-charge of the academic, salary and benefits section. Recently a colleague joined him who is irresponsible and blames others for things that happen and is difficult to deal with. His behaviour is unacceptable because he do not accept responsibility. His usual response to any criticism is ‘it was not my fault’. He is full of blame, accusations, protestations of innocence, suggestions of injustice and pessimism. While he openly does not antagonize others, he can drive co-workers to distractions by their response of remarks, situations and requests for actions.

(a)   Do you think Mr. Sreekant should terminate the new recruit?

(b)   Do you support the idea of transferring of the new recruit to another section?

 (c)  In your opinion what Mr. Sreekant should do?


Case Study #31 

In an industry there is a group of employees have gone on strike. The industry is virtually paralysed. The management in order to take charge of the situation started recruiting a separate group of employees after the deadline of re-joining the work for the striking employees ended. After getting the appointment letters the newly recruited employees wanted to join their new assignments. But the striking workers forcibly did not allow them to join.

(a)   Do you think the workers should go to strike? What if they have explicitly entered into an agreement not to go for strike before joining the organisation?

(b)   Do you think management is fair in recruiting a new group of workers when the existing workers are on strike?

(c)   Do you think striking workers should obstruct the newly appointed workers from joining work?


Case Study #30

There was an application for information filed with the Panchayat Secretary with regard to NREGA. The officer concerned could not provide the information within the time limit. There was a delay of 25 days.

(a)     What is the time limit within which the information is to be provided?

(b)     What can the applicant do in case of delay in this case?

(c)     What if the officer pleaded delay because of being over burdened and having multiple responsibilities?


Case Study #29

A famous concert band planned an unusual event of staging a suicide for the audience: a real suicide. The event was primarily directed to raise awareness of and support for physician assisted suicide. The suicide would be carried out by an unnamed man who claimed to be terminally ill. The government in the mean time passed an emergency ordinance declaring it illegal to sell tickets for a suicide or to conduct a suicide for commercial purposes.

(a)       Is suicide unethical?

(b)       Why is the public suicide up-setting the people?

(c)       Anything that you can suggest under which the concert can be justified?


Case Study #28

Sexual assault is considered the most rapidly growing violent crime in India. The number of children being sexually assaulted is increasing each year. There is widespread outrage against it. In this connection there is suggestion to use chemical castration.

(a)   Is chemical castration an appropriate treatment for sex offenders?

(b)   Should voluntary requests for castration be honoured?


Case Study #27

University professors are usually fairly bright, and they typically hold reason in high regard. But sadly university professors are not widely acclaimed as moral models. In fact, academic departments are notorious for being dens of intrigue and betrayal, and squabbling among faculty is common. If that assessment of moral status of university faculty is accurate (and it seems clear that university faculty are not morally better than average), does that count against the claim that rationality is the core of ethics?


Case Study #26

It is one of India‘s glaring embarrassments: millions of its citizens lack even the most basic medical care. And many more cannot afford more expensive care that would improve their quality of life. But people after committing crime are likely to get most of the medical care you need—all paid for by taxpayers. Inmates receive dialysis (at approximately Rs. 50,000 a year, per inmate), bone marrow transplants (somewhere between Rs. 100,000 and Rs. 200,000), HIV/AIDS drug “cocktails” along with much more routine care such as dental checkups, antidepressants, and blood pressure pill.

(a)   Does a convicted criminal deserve whatever treatment he or she requests? Whatever is medically indicated?

(b)   Is convict entitled to the same medical treatment as anyone else?

(c)   Should the severity of the crime determine what level of medical care a criminal receives?

(d)   Should law-abiding citizens be prioritized over convicted criminals when the allocation of organs for transplantation is being determined?

(e)   What kind of problems would be raised by using social criteria for allocating scarce resources such as donor organs?


Case Study #25

Ram and his close friend (Hari) live in a neighborhood. Both of them got elected to the Resident Welfare Association of the area. Hari is very committed towards the work. However, he has not disclosed to the committee that he was involved in a case involving improper conduct while he was a member of RWA of the colony he was previously a resident. This is required as per the bylaw of the committee. Ram is aware of the case mentioned above.

(a)   What are the ethical issues involved in the above case

(b)   What are the possible courses of action available to Ram in this case.

(c)   Should Ram disclose the information to the current RWA?


Case Study #24

A manager who has been with the organisation for 25 years has the reputation of being a bully. He is, however, useful to the organization in the sense that he does his job. He tends to tell people what to do because he thinks that is his role. He has difficulty with his staff who will do their job but go out of their way to avoid and frustrate him as much as possible.

When staffs ask for things, such as time off, his instinct is to say no, simply because he has the power to do so. He also represents a career blockage to some bright young people in that he would only recommend for development and promotion if they had similar personal characteristics to him because he thinks that is the best way to be.

Although a bully to his staff he is very ingratiating to those who are senior but does not enjoy their respect.

Two of his team have made an unofficial complaint to HR Manager and are believed to be genuine. The natural inclination of the HR specialist might be either to dismiss the complaints or to assume they are right. But this should be displaced by a considered judgment that takes emotions and common sense into account.

(a)   What are the ethical issues involved in the cases?

(b)   What are the possible choices available to the HR Manager?

(c)   What should the HR Manager do?


Case Study #23

Imagine that you are the Mayor in a large urban, high-growth city where you have served as a popular elected Mayor for 20 years. To your dismay, you are informed that one of your assistant, who has served the city for many years, has been charged with falsificants of official documents. Charges made by your internal affairs investigators. The assistant, as it turns out, coordinates all the work at the port authority and is in a position to log off- duty assignments for himself at the port that far exceed regular workweek hours. The investigators charge that he knowingly cooked the books and overrode computer programs to prevent others from knowing what he did.

The assistant’s supervisor wants him suspended for 30 days and reduced to the rank of a foreman. The disciplinary review board wants him fired. You are about to retire and don’t need to worry about being reelected. The allegations against the assistant have been published in the local newspaper.

(a)   What would you do with the assistant? Would you put a letter of reprimand in his personal file? Ban him from working any off-day assignments? Suspend him? Reduce his rank? Fire him?

(b)   How would you size up the implications of your decision for the moral of the officers under your command?

(c)   What are the implications for the ethical climate of your organization?


Case Study #22

You have been working with Mr. Karunakar for a long period of time. He has been an outstanding officer for a long period of time and has conducted himself with highest standards of integrity. Recently he suffered huge financial loss. His wife is very ill and the medical expenses are substantial. He is nearing his retirement and his children are still unemployed. You are his subordinate and currently working in close association with him. He took a decision in favour of a company that has given rise to a grapevine within the organisation about a possible kickback. He used to take decisions while consulting you but in this case he has taken decision on his own. Your colleagues want you to access relevant documents secretively and act as a whistleblower. Would you do so?


Case Study #21 

Mr. Marthadam Khodbole is working with a company as an engineer along with other engineers who were involved in the construction of the bridge over a difficult terrain in the in mountainous region. There was a safety issue involved in the desiging of the bridge. The tests were done but the finding was inconclusive comapnay has inverted a huge amount of money and did not have more time. No further extension was possible. Furhter discussions among the engineers and with experts did not also resolve the isseue. Finally the company boss instructed to prepare an O.K. repor and open the bridge for use. Mr. Marthadam complied. After a month the bridge collapsed and fortunately the collapse did not cause any loss of life.

Answer the following—

(a)   What are the ethical issues involved in the above illustration?

(b)   Can Mr. Marthadom be hold ethical by responsible?

(c)   Who carries ethical responsibility in the above case?


Case Study #20

Pratap Singh is a known criminal of the area.A team of police carried out a fake encounter of Pratap Singh. D.C.P. Ram Swaroop was the leader of the team who is known for his strong positions and harsh decisions. He do not listens to his teammates or moreover the subordinates in the team. He expects from them complete obedience. Accordingly he gives punishments and rewards to other police officers. He is very unsparing towards them who refuses to fall in line. Constable Apurba Khodke was not happy with the encounter in which he was a participant. Being a very junior ranked police man he didn’t objcet to it and at the same time he knew that his objectsm would not have avoided the encounter instead he would have been severly penalised.

In the light of the above condition explain the follwing question.

(a)   What are the ethical issues involved?

(b)   Even if the encounter is wrong in case of law, can it be justified as being moral? If yes, then give arguments in support of it.

(c)   Provide an argument stating the ethical statues of constable Apurba Khodke.


Case Study #20

A couple who were in love eloped to a far away place as their parents were opposed to their relationship. While the boy was 22years old, the girl was 16 and 1/2 Years old. While staying together away from home and being in love with each other, they establizhed sexual relation. After few days the parents got hold of them and the girls father pressed rape charge agasinst the boy.

Answer the following—

(a)   What are the legal and ethical issues involved in above case?

(b)   Whether the boy’s act could be defended?( Encouraging the girl to elope and establishing sexual intimacy.)


Case Study #19

Ngina is a teetotaller, while being at a party, his friends insisted him to take drinks, but he refused. But, his friends seerethy mixed dugs in his soft drinks. This made Nagina unstable and very drowsy. At around 11.30pm when the party was over he has to leave for home. Moreover he has to leave for a very important meeting at 6.30 am in the morning. But, he met with an accident in which an individual was killed under his car.

Examine the above case.

(a)   What are the ethical issues involved the above case?

(b)   Examine the ethical responsibility of Nagina while Nagina will be legally responsible.


Case Study #18

Nagina is social drinker. But when he takes alcoholic drinks, he does not drive. His friend Ram Kalyan asures him that he will drive him back home and will not take any alcoholic drinks. But, Ram Kalyan gets drunk , Nagina was unaware of this. Nagina being assured by Ram Kalyan got drunk. While Ram Kalyan was driving him back home got delusional and had to stop the car at the middle of a deserted road. Nagina was compelled to drive the car and eventually met with an accident is which an individual was killed under his car.

Examine the above illustration

(a)   What are the ethical issues involved?

(b)   Examine the moral responsibility of Nagina while considering the fact that Nagina will be legally responsible?


Case Study #17

A group of Maoist captured a fathers and his son, the moist asked the father to shoot a villager who has been found to a police informer. The father was assured that he along with his son will be released if he kills the villager. The father pleads before the Maoist that it is not possible on his part. But the Maoist threatens to kill both of them. Being afraid of the grave consequence for the self and his son, the father kills the villager. Villagers are witness to the entire event.

(a)   In your opinion what are the moral, amoral and immoral actions involved in the above case?

(b)   How do you rate the Father’s action?


Case Study #16

Ashish being the friend of the area District Magistrate, started fishing in a deserted forest area, he loves fishing, he caught a couple of fish but ultimately let the fishes them into the water after catching them.  He was aware that the fishing is prohibited in the area. In the meantime his friend, the District Magistrate reached and requested Ashish not to fish, even if he is letting fish to go. Ashish agreed.

Discuss, moral, non-moral and immoral issues involved in the case and especially highlight what are the immoral and non-moral goods in the case?



Case Study #15

Sanju and Ganju are sister and brother. While both of them were at a family function, their parents instructed them that they should be respectful to the elders, not too indulgent with others and act as good and obedient children. Sanju was instructed not to interact with boys and not to laugh too loudly. But, Sanju along with his brother Ganju objected to a gender specific discriminatory behavior for Sanju. Instead, they reminded their parents of the need for gender equity and the changing values.                                                            Identify in the above case the moral and ethical component that are involved Establish the difference between the two (the moral components and ethical components


Case Study #14

Gabar Singh being an atheist used to steal, kill and harass people. No appeal to God used to generate mercy in him. He believed being mighty is rewarding. Savitri Devi believed in God. She believed that following God’s commandment is rewarding. So, she used to help people and go for periodic charitable works. As she believed that not doing so will result into misery to her and her family critically examine the issue from the following angles-

(a)   Elaborate the relationship of religion and ethics?

(b)   Explain the moral component of Gabar Singh and Savitri Devi’s behaviour.


Case Study #13

In April 1930, when Gandhijee launched the civil disobedience movement, the whole country was in turmoil. At this crucial moment, Jayaprakash Narayan had to stay in his village because of his ailing mother. His mother insisted him not to go to Allahabad where he was working as the General Secretary of the Congress. J.P took the hard decision of leaving his mother, but she followed him to Patna. The journey was too much for her and she died shortly after.

In the light of the above historical event answer

(a)   What are the moral issues involved?

(b)   Discuss the ethical dilemma in the case?

(c)   Discuss the morality of the J.P’s decision?


Case Study #12

In the War between the ruler of Kashmir Lalitaditya and the king of Kanyakubja, Yashovardhan, consider the following:-

Before the war to begin, Lalitaditya offered a peace proposal to Yashovardhan. The plan for the place treaty stated as following-

Yashovardhan to his minister- what do you suggest?

Minister- Let us sign the treaty, I will draft it to your advantage. Lalitaditya has a powerful army. Our army may not be able to hold out much longer.

Yoshovardhan agreed and sent his minister to finalise the treaty.

Yashovardhan’s Representative (YR)- (read out the draft)-This being the treaty of peace concluded between Maharaja Yashovardhan and Maharaja Lalitaditya—-

Lalitaditya’s representative (LR)- 1 beg your pardon, Minister, should not it read: Between maharaja Lalitaditya and Maharaja Yashovardhan———–Our emperor being the more powerful of the two.

YR— The request came from you. So your Maharaja cannot have precedence.

LR—Then I must have a word with the emperor before we proceed any further.

Lalitaditya, when heard of this he withdrew his peace proposal and both parties went into war.

In the light of the above event, explain the following-

(a)   The actions of the representatives were critical in the above illustration. Who of the two would be morally responsible          for the war?

(b)   Justify the decision of both the parties to go for war.

(c)   What was the ethical foundation of Yashovardhan to accept the peace proposal?

(d)   What was the ethical foundation of Lalitaditya to withdraw from the peace treaty and declare war?


Case Study #11

A speaker was presenting a paper on the government travel regulation to a group of government servants. On hearing to the speaker, one of the employees decided to give back an amount of money which she has received because of over reimbursement

Answer the following

(a)   Who should be attributed the credit for the good action?

(b)   Explain ethical behavior of the speaker and the employee in the audience.


Case Study #10

Mr. Bilay Pattnaik is a good human being, who is into social service. He visits a government servant’s training institute and lectures them of ethical conduct. One of the listeners on hearing Biraj turns honest and becomes a good civil servant.

But, Bijay’s lectures included that being an honest and good civil servant is not an easy job. His lecture also carried a caution to the civil servants – being a civil servant; one might face serious difficulty at personal, official and family level. Hearing to this many officials did not take to honesty.

Answer the following—

(a)     Who would be morally responsible for the employee turning honest?

(b)     Who is responsible for few employees not turning to honesty?

(c)     Do you consider Mr. Bijay’s lecture to be ethical?


Case Study #9

Mk. Sreekant is a good human being. But, he is not very comfortable with driving his car. Once, in the late night, while he was returning back towards his residence he met with an accident that killed a dog. While he was driving through a route that is populated with dogs, he could not properly see a dog sleeping on the middle of the road. When his car ran over the dog, he felt that something has come under the tyre but was not sure of what was that? He did not stop to see it. The dog could have been saved with timely attention.

Answer the following—

(a)   Is there any moral issues involved in the case illustrated above?

(b)   Is there anybody to owe the consequences of the act?


Case Study #8

In case of the pregnant woman about to deliver, whose physician has diagnosed serious medical complications? In the physician’s opinions, it may not be possible to save both lives. The physician performs the surgical procedure in which the woman is saved but the unborn infant dies.

In the background of the above case, discuss the ethical underpinnings of the consequences of the ‘double effect”.

Case Study #7

Mr. Hare was on leisurely tour to a coastal town. While he was on a morning walk, Mr. Hare noticed that a person is the water calling for help. Mr. Hare did not respond because he is not able to swim. Besides, there were others on the shore, but nobody went to the rescues. Mr. Hare helplessly witnessed the person painfully going into the sea.

Give on ethical argument to Mr. Hare’s conduct in the above mentioned issue.


Case Study #6

There was murder committed on 31st of June. Police is trying hard to solve the case. Police suspects that Amrish Puri a known criminal has committed the murder but did not have any evidence. In the mean time on 22nd of July Sada Shiv Amar Purkar, a friend and associate of Amrish Puri visit the police station and informs that Amir Khan has committed the murder. Police ignores the information believing that Sada Shiv has a Criminal background and had a hostile relation with Amir Khan and although more he must be trying to save Amrish Puri.

What has been the ethical reasoning of the police in this case? Give elaborate arguments in supports of your explanation while analyzing the police decision to ignore Sada Shiv’s information.


Case Study #5

As second lieutenant in the Indian Army, I was assigned to Jammu & Kashmir with a special responsibility of  keeping track of recreational activities such as basketball and supervising the operation of the movie theater. It showed relatively new films a few nights a week for Rs.50 a ticket.

Because of my official capacity, I was admitted for free on the grounds that I was there to inspect the facility and to supervise its operation. By custom, my wife also entered for free as my guest. One evening the Commanding Officer and his wife arrived as we did and I impulsively invited them to be my guests and instantly we took our seats. But soon I began to worry whether I had done the right thing. I couldn’t tell you the film we saw that evening, but I can remember every element of the debate that raged inside my head.

I was up for promotion and a special medal for work I had done. Major Khanna would write the recommen­dations and I clearly saw this as a chance to curry favor with him.

(a)   Had I abused my authority?

(c)   My doubts knew no bounds; I chewed over what I had done endlessly I knew I had embarrassed myself. But had I acted corruptly?


Case Study #4

A well – known charity is looking to increase the level of donations and

legacies it attracts but has recently seen a decline due to others in the not –

for – profit sector dramatically improving their fund – raising performance.

It is speaking to a number of marketing companies with a view to

reinvigorating its fund – raising activities with their help.

As is commonly the case with such organisations, there is a formal process

that they follow when selecting what in their terms is a strategically

important medium – to – long – term partner.

A number of meetings have been arranged. The first is to check the ‘personal

chemistry’ between the charity’s fund – raising team and the marketing

company’s personnel who would be chosen to work on the account. The

second would be to review a set of strategic and creative proposals that

demonstrate a sound understanding of the brief. They would also have to

provide a convincing reason to be preferred. Two (of five) companies would

then be shortlisted and invited to meet the directors for their assessment

and feedback. Having consulted, the fund – raising team would then make its


a) What approach can the marketing company take to win the contract?

b)  Discuss each of the options you give and conclude with a well – argued


Case Study #3

An accountant has taken on a new assistant because he has so much work to do.

He knows that a second person in his office should make his workload less

pressured. He wants initially to delegate some routine operational tasks to her.

He fears delegation could, in his profession, carry some element of risk because

he will be assigning some work that is ultimately his responsibility.

The assistant is keen to take responsibility in her new job. She is anxious

not to ‘mess – up’ otherwise she might not keep her job. Everything hinges on the

accountant’s ability to delegate effectively. If he succeeds, his assistant will grow

in confidence, and he will be able to assign more complex tasks to her. Increasing

someone’s area of responsibility is an important factor in improving morale and

job satisfaction. Should the accountant be emotionally aware, he will be able to develop the skills to become a good delegator.

a)In such situation, delegation is the solution for the overworked accountant, but

how best to achieve it?

b)What are the choices that the accountant has? Discuss these choices to come to a



Case Study #2

You are a candidate for a very competitive, high profile job in a multinational

company. During the first round of interview with the consulting search firm, the

panel asked, “If we conducted a thorough background check on you, would we

find anything in your background which might embarrass a future employer?”

You paused for a moment as your mind flashes back to an allegation that was

made about you when you were working in another smaller organisation. It was

alleged by two staff members of the community hospital where your wife was

terminally ill that you slapped and verbally abused here. The police investigated

the allegation and during your investigation you asserted that the staff members

misinterpreted a situation in which your wife was choking and you were helping

her. Your wife states to the investigators that you didn’t abuse her. Even the

police couldn’t locate any evidence of any kind of physical violence. Nonetheless,

the investigative report is sent to the court to determine whether to press

charges or not. Due to the lack of evidence, the case was dropped.

How should you reply to the question asked by the consulting search

firm? Should you or should you not disclose the incident? If you respond, “There

is nothing in my background that would embarrass a future employer”, and you

get an invitation to interview with the company, where during the interview you

stress you honesty and high ethical standards. Do you or do you not disclose the

incident to this interview panel?

Once again you decide not to disclose and the interview goes very well

and you receive the job offer. On the very first day of the job, the company

officials receive information that you were accused of slapping and verbally

abusing your wife in hospital when she was terminally ill. The company decides

to call an emergency meeting to discuss this situation. You are also invited to

appear before the Board of Directors and answer their questions.

Do you accept the invitation?

If you decide to accept it and still maintain your earlier stand, and the

Board decides to postpone your contract for two weeks while seek more

background information about you. Meanwhile, you have left your earlier job

and if this one also doesn’t materialize you would end up as jobless.

(a) Do you face an ethical issue here? Did you display ethical sensitivity in

answering the consulting search firm’s question: “Is there anything in your

background that might embarrass a future employer?”

(b) What is the ethical issue?

(c) What might be done to resolve the situation?

(d) Is the preferred course of action ethical?


Case Study #1

King Kong visited your village to demand for handing over a young woman who live there. If denied, King Kong is going to destroy your village and kill all.

(a) Is it a good idea to give the young woman to the King Kong in order to save all?

(b) Or you would like to challenge King Kong and deny giving the woman to King Kong?

(For model answer of this case study refer to the Assignment #5)