Ethics – Assignments

Ethics – Assignments

Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise

This page – Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise – will help you in answer writing practise for UPSC. We are also posting suggested reading list or reading references for your use.

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Assignment #23 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise)

Do you think Aristotle’s moral philosophy helped to explain number of social malpractices and failure in administration in India?

Assignment #22 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise)

What are the ethical responsibilities of companies doing business in a country where corruption is known to be ripe and deeply embedded in public life?

Assignment #21 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise) 

Dilemma in ethics is that many moral decisions that are quite straightforward — even easy — to resolve in a classroom or during training exercises seem far more difficult to successfully resolve when confronted during actual day-to-day decision making. Further, why ethics is simple as a generalization (lying is wrong, hurting is bad, etc.) but difficult in the particular?

Assignment #20 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

One of the toughest things you have to do in organisation is to make decisions based on incomplete information. How to make a decision when you don’t know enough?

Assignment #19 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Do you think the Civil Servant should be bold in order to be effective? Is it so that the objectivity and integrity in civil service requires boldness in actions? Discuss while giving examples.

Assignment #18 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Many have negative attitude towards people, life and things around them. This harms them and people around them. What strategies you would suggest to help change their negative attitude?

Suggested Reading:

http://www.bisd.us/Pace/html/Pace%20Period%20Files/MARCH%202013/3-7-2013/10th%20grade%20.A%20Negative%20Attitude%20Affects%20Every%20Aspect%20Of%20Your%20Life.pdf

Assignment #17 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Social welfare policies are managed through the taxes paid by the tax – payers. Increasing burden of social welfare policies have led to increase in taxation – whether direct or indirect. Many believe this is unjustified. They say that money should be spent on education, health and vocational training rather than on providing free housing or food. This will reduce expenditure by government and thereby lowering the tax burden. Critically examine the ethical status of the above view.

Suggested Reading:

http://www.utilitarian.net/singer/by/1972—-.htm

https://www.scu.edu/ethics/ethics-resources/ethical-decision-making/justice-and-fairness/

https://fee.org/articles/robert-nozick-philosopher-of-liberty/

Assignment #16 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Certain advertisements reinforce existing moral standards of the society…at times end up upholding questionable ones( moral standards those are being considered as regressive and unethical). Similarly, there are some TV soaps reinforcing questionable moral values of a society. In your opinion whether these advertisements or TV shows should be banned?

Assignment #15 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Most of us are desirous of good life. What do people generally think of good life? what is your idea of good life? Explain this  while illustrating some of your experience.

Suggested Reading:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-third-age/201406/what-it-means-live-good-life

http://www.wikihow.com/Live-a-Good-Life

Assignment #14 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

As a human being, do we have certain special responsibilities for people we know, compared to people who are strangers? Can we treat them preferably, when it comes to strangers, given a choice between people we know and strangers? Will your judgment change if you are a civil servant?

Suggested Reading:

http://philosophy.fas.nyu.edu/docs/IO/4864/Scheffler-Morality-and-Reasonable-Partiality.pdf

http://www.sophia-project.org/uploads/1/3/9/5/13955288/lombardo_care.pdf

Assignment #13 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Just as masculine and feminine ways of knowing might differ, so also masculine and feminine forms of ethical reasoning might differ. For example, according to typically masculine models, we should make ethical decisions based on ethical principles, rationality, impartiality, justice, and objectivity. In the feminine model, however, we balance reason with a sense of how circumstances affect what is appropriate, and we make moral judgments based on how behavior expresses care for others and promotes interpersonal communication and development. The masculine ethics of justice is rational, objective, and impersonal–and that is what makes it inhuman. A truly human ethics would be based on care and a sense of responsibility and obligation to others.

Do you agree with the above reasoning of ethics in human behavior? While discussing your view illustrate with relevant examples and cases.

Suggested Readings:

http://philosophy.tamu.edu/~sdaniel/Notes/96class25.html

http://seschmid.org/E/E_Held_2up.pdf

Assignment #12 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Whenever you see a parrot in a cage, goldfish in a tank, or dog on a chain, you’re seeing speciesism.If humans are the ones who had to endure what nonhuman animals suffer because of speciesism, would we accept it?

Suggested Readings:

http://www.animal-ethics.org/speciesism/

http://www.stafforini.com/txt/McKelvie%20-%20Seeking%20to%20increase%20awareness%20of%20speciesism%20and%20its%20impact%20on%20all%20animals.pdf

Assignment #11 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

The creation of Codes of Ethics or other forms of policies will be counter productive if such instruments remain as no more than a collection of slogans or nice, good-looking principles. In such a case, politicians seeking to verify their intentions or proposals as “good” or “ethical” will make use of them. Do you agree? Justify your answer.

Suggested Readings:

http://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c14/e1-34-05-09.pdf

Assignment #10 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

What are the skills required for a civil servant?

Suggested Readings:

http://www.civilservant.org.uk/skillsset.pdf

https://targetjobs.co.uk/career-sectors/public-service-charity-and-social-work/289039-must-have-skills-for-graduate-careers-in-government

Assignment #9 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise ) 

Who should decide what is wrong or what is right?

Suggested Readings:

http://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2004881

https://www.ucg.org/the-good-news/right-wrong-who-decides

Assignment #8 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise ) 

WHAT IN YOUR OPINION IS TRADITIONAL ETHICS – FAIR TOWARDS ALL OR BIASED TOWARDS CERTAIN GROUPS? SHARE YOUR OWN EXPERIENCE WHILE GIVING ANSWER.

Suggested Readings:

http://hubpages.com/religion-philosophy/The-Difference-Between-Modern-and-Traditional-Ethical-Thinking

Answer:

Generally traditional ethics or traditionally ethics is considered to be universal and objective.
This means it applies to everyone equally and fairly. However, everyone understands the world through the lens of their experiences.
Two people growing up in vastly different experiences will, if put into the same exact situations, understand things differently.
This essentially results into bias – bias occurs when a person’s naturally developed perspectives are seen as special insights into the why the world is, or should be. In other words, people with biases ignore the fact that their mind prepackages experiences in terms of their uniquely experiences part, and the mental simplications are taken to apply to locations and persons with different types of experiences.
Thus, traditional ethics that is based on an universalization approach should be understood or reasoned through the above arguments.
Since traditional ethics doesn’t take into account the divergence in experiences, it is not able to identify how the person’s experiences can heavily influence the ways that person (or group) thinks. That is why it wrongly emphasizes on ethics being universal and objective.

Assignment #7 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Suppose two lives are under serious threat under similar conditions. One of them is your father and other is a stranger. You decided to save your father while your brother decided to save the stranger in a similar situation where your mother’s life was under serious threat. In both the cases, only one life could be saved.
(a) Do you think your brother had been insensitive and unethical?
(b) Did you do the right thing?
(c) According to you, is there any situation in which people closer to us should have precedence over others or always everybody should be treated equally? 

Suggested Reading:

https://ethicsinpr.wikispaces.com/Communitarianism

http://ethicsofglobalresponsibility.blogspot.in/2008/08/we-are-now-in-position-to-give-account.html

Answer:

There are certain difficult situations to decide. However, most of us in these situations intuitively choose to be biased in favor of our own people. Though there can be people who may not become biased and would decide to act impartially. In the given case, my brother can be considered as ethical if his action is judged bu the standards of universal ethics. He seems to be under the influence of ideas those believe that human beings irrespective of their particular identities are to be treated equally. Every human being is of equal worth and thereby deserve similar ethical considerations.

For me though, every human being is of equal worth but same standard I can’t maintain when it comes to choose between my own and a stranger under similar situation. I believe that what we are as selves include our interconnections with others, we will naturally have greater obligations to those that we are in closer relationship with.

For me, my brother’s act has been unethical and I may not excuse him for his actions though he might have his own reasons. In situations where a choice between our close relationship and stranger is to be made provided situation is same for the both, I believe the moral tiebreaker is to be exercised in favor of the closer relationship.

[This is only a sample answer. Students can exercise their own reasoning to develop different answer.]

Assignment #6 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

How to reframe your attitude when you cannot…Read more

Suggested Reading:

Previous week’s question was – How to reframe…Read More.

Answer: One needs to introduce positive thoughts to get…Read more

Assignment #5  (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

King Kong visited your village to demand for handing…Read more

Suggested Reading:

The useful links for Assignment #5…Read more

Answer: By the very face of it, I would be tempted to…Read more

Assignment #4  (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Do you think it is all right to choose evil or wrong…Read more

Suggested Reading:

The useful links for Assignment #4…Read more

AnswerThis question is one of the most frequently raised…Read more

Assignment #3 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise ) 

What drives employees to make unethical…Read more

 Suggested Reading: Following are a few links to read for this…Read more

Answer: Often it is believed that bad things are done by bad…Read more

Assignment #2 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

Do you think “human reason” can be the basis…Read more

Suggested Reading: I am posting three links for the previous…Read more

Answer: Finding out how to arrive at an ethical position…Read more

Assignment #1 (Ethics UPSC Answer writing practise )

In India, considering its unique demographic…Read more

Suggested Reading: The useful links for Assignment #1…Read more

Answer: The job of the doctors have been a matter of great…Read more